Radiculopathy

 

Radiculopathy is the inflammation of the nerve root in the spinal canal. Radiculopathy can occur in any portion of the spine: cervical, thoracic or lumbar. The inflammation of the nerve roots can be caused by a disc herniation which directly compresses the nerve root as it exits the spinal neuroforamina. It can also be caused by inflammatory cytokines from the nucleus pulposus being exposed to the epidural space known as a chemical disc. Any condition which narrows the bilateral neuroforamina such as spinal stenosis or neuroforaminal stenosis can lead to compression and inflammation of the nerve root.The symptoms of radiculopathy are pain, numbness, tingling, and burning sensation in the distribution of the nerve root which is inflamed. The symptoms can radiate into the distal extremities including fingers and toes. The symptoms often times follow into the distal extremities including fingers and toes. Treatment options include medication management, physical therapy and interventional procedures which directly deposit steroid into the inflamed area to calm the nerve pain and consequently the extremity pain.