Platelet Rich Plasma Therapy



Platelet Rich Plasma Therapy, or PRP, is a 100% natural treatment for pain and injury.


PRP is an exciting, natural, non-surgical treatment that involves the injection of patient’s own blood after extracting the platelets and reinjecting them with the areas of injury and degeneration. It has been shown to be safe and effective in treating a variety of sports injuries, from chronic conditions to acute trauma. The growth factors contained within platelets provide a powerful stimulus for tissue healing and regeneration. This treatment can often completely repair tissue and eliminate the need for surgery. PRP treatment is a safe, injection technique.




 Why do we use platelets?


Platelets are best known for their ability to stick to one another and stop bleeding in the body via the clotting cascade, but they have many other functions. They also release numerous growth factors which stimulate the proliferation of collagen connective tissue, tissue regeneration and healing. The platelets are often responsible for initiating a healing cascade in soft tissue injuries such as abrasions and lacerations.


The rationale for the utilization of platelets is the myriad of growth factors derived from platelets that alter the healing response and tissue regeneration. These growth factors can enhance healing, grafting, and connective tissue repair include: TGF-β, Platelet derived growth factor(PDGF), Insulin-like growth factor (IGF), Vascular endothelial growth factors(VEGF), Epidermal growth factor (EGF), Fibroblastic growth factor-2 (FGF-2).


What is PRP used for?


The use of platelet rich plasma injection for the purpose of treatment of areas which are resistant to healing due to lack of blood flow to the area, repetitive stress and erosion of tissue. Treatment of chronic tendinopathy, cartilage erosion, and muscle injury has become common in the world of sports medicine.


What conditions are helped by PRP?


It can be used any site of injury in the body. In musculoskeletal medicine, it is used to repair:


Arm & Shoulder pain

Rotator Cuff tendonitis or tears

Acromio-clavicular joint pain

Bicipital tendonitis

Medial epicondylitis (golfers elbow)

Lateral epicondylitis (tennis elbow)

Ulnar collateral ligament injury

Hip pain

Pyriformis syndrome

Trochanteric Bursitis

Ischial bursitis

Pubic symphysis pain

Sacroiliac joint pain

Leg & Foot pain gluteus medius tendonitis

Hamstring tendonitis or tears

Patellar tendonitis/tendinosis

Quadriceps muscle/ ligament injuries

Plantar fasciitis

Peroneal tendonitis

Achilles tendonitis or partial tears


How is PRP Done?


A patient’s blood is drawn similar to a normal blood draw and placed into a centrifuge where the platelets are concentrated. Harvest labs is able to concentrate the platelets 16% over baseline and is considered one of the best technologies for platelet extraction. The highly concentrated platelets mixed with a bit of lidocaine is then injected into the area of injury via ultrasound guidance. The entire procedure can be completed in less than one hour.


What are the side effects/ Contraindications?


Because platelets are autologous, from one's own body, there is no chance of developing an allergic or autoimmune reaction post injection. The side effects are limited to a little soreness at the injection site. If the patient suffers from an anti-phospholipid antibody syndrome or any platelet disorder, the procedure should not be performed as the quality of the platelets may be compromised.  


Therapy Duration


Two to three weeks after the first PRP treatment, the doctor will evaluate the progress and determine whether more therapy is needed. Depending on the severity and duration of the injury or disorder, most patients require between 1 and 4  treatments.


As PRP therapy now gains popularity in the U.S., it is getting recognized by doctors and patients alike for having a terrific rate of success. Many believe PRP has the potential to revolutionize sports medicine, orthopedics and beyond, with new applications being discovered daily.