Arthritis

Arthritis is a disease that causes pain and loss of movement of the joints. The word arthritis literally means joint inflammation (arth=joint, ritis=inflammation). Arthritis can be acute or chronic and affect every joint in the body. There are many forms of arthritis with Osteoarthritis and Rheumatoid arthritis being the most well known. People of all ages, including children and young adults, can develop arthritis.

 

Osteoarthritis is a disease that causes the breakdown of joint tissue, leading to joint pain and stiffness. Degenerative arthritis can be related to chronic sports injuries or high impact activities, as well as aging. Most people over the age of 65 will develop some mild form of osteoarthritis. It is associated with a breakdown of cartilage in joints and can occur in almost any joint in the body. It most commonly occurs in the weight bearing joints of the hips, knees, and spine. It also may affect some finger joints, the joint at the base of the thumb and the joint at the base of the big toe. Rheumatoid arthritis differs in that it primarily affects the ankles, knees, and joints in the hands.

 

 

Treatment of Arthritis : A cornerstone of therapy of any form of arthritis is physical therapy and anti-inflammatory medication. If symptoms persist, Dr. Desai offers injection therapies which can help reduce inflammation in any joint. Acute swelling and inflammation can be initially treated with steroid injection therapy. Chronic arthritis in the knees can be treated with viscosupplementation, which is synthetic lubricant that cushions the joint reducing friction and knee pain.  Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) is also a therapy for arthritis, which helps to repair and regenerate the cartilage in the knee.